Musical texture – monophony, polyphony, heterophony, counterpoint, homophony


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Class: Miscellaneous

Inventive Commons License photograph credit score: cwalker71
Violin BodyWhat does musical texture suggest? Feel of a piece of material, and the diverse characteristics it may have.  It could be soft, program, hefty, light, slippery, shiny, and so on.  The very same point applies to music.  Although music may not be shiny or slippery, it has inherent characteristics that tends to make it special.  Diverse kinds of texture can be described by the quantity of components, harmony, tempo, timbre and rhythm. We will go by way of numerous kinds of musical texture in the following submit.

Monophony:

This is the easiest sort of texture.  In monophonic music, a single voice or element is played without having harmonic accompaniment.   As extended as the consideration is on a single line or voice, the music is monophonic.  Can you feel of any monophonic music that is played these days?  Not considerably music these days is monophonic, nevertheless some middle Eastern music has a monophonic texture.

Heterophony:

Heterophonic music consists of two or far more components that are elaborating on the very same melody.  Typically this sort of music is improvised.  An instance of this sort of music would be jazz.

Polyphony:

Polyphonic music consists of two or far more voices, but it is distinct from heterophony.  In heterophonic texture, the element that all voices perform is based mostly on the very same melody (although the very same notes might not be played).  Polyphony is based mostly on counterpoint.  Counterpoint is a Latin phrase that in musical terms can be translated as “note towards note”.  This implies that a counterpoint or polyphonic texture consists of two or far more simultaneous melodies that are distinct from every single other in notes and rhythm.

Homophony:

This is the sort of music that most of us are accustomed to.  In homophonic music, one particular voice will take the melodic lead, even though the accompanying voices perform the harmony and they consider a subordinate position.  The listeners curiosity is directed to a single line of music, and the harmony is there to assistance it.

These are the 4 diverse classical music textures.  Keep in mind, a piece of music does not have to be solely one particular of these textures.  These textures can be mixed and manipulated.  Pay attention to your favourite sort of music.  See if you can understand the diverse textures in the music.  It will aid you value the artwork of the music even far more!